Seborrhea. Seborrheic dermatitis

Себорея. Себореен дерматит

Seborrheic dermatitis is a common skin condition affects mostly men. Based on its name, it is clear that the involved areas are those with severe seborrhea (scalp, face and upper torso). Clinically, dermatitis can manifest in several different ways. By non-inflammatory symptoms such as simple scaling without redness (eg dandruff) or by red plaques on the face and body covered with oily scales. The most severe variant of the disease is associated with the involvement of the entire body surface. Fortunately, it is rare.

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Adult acne or acne tarda

Акне в зряла възраст или acne tarda

Acne in adulthood (adult acne) is divided into persistent acne (one that started during puberty and lasts in adulthood) or acne with a late onset that begins after the age of 25. Among the most frequently discussed causes of their occurrence are reported endocrine and metabolic disorders, diet (so-called Western diet) and genetic predisposition. It is more common in females.

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Molluscum conatgiosum

Заразни молуски

Infectious molluscs are caused by the poxvirus Molluscum contagiosum and occur in two age groups - children and adults. The reason for this is that the virus is spread by close contact with a carrier, which occurs during play in children or during sexual intercourse in adults. The virus has a benign course, cases of self-healing have been described, but there are currently many therapies that deal with the problem successfully.

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Acne from masks or maskne

Акнето от маска или „маскне“

Maskne is the acne of 2020. This year everything is different, including a change in our perception of the causes of acne. In essence, the maskne belongs to the so-called mechanical acne. How to avoid it or how to treat it, if it occurs, read in the following lines.

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Acne - pathogenetic mechanism. First article

Акне – механизми. Тема първа

I named this article this way because there is so much to write about acne that I thought about creating a separate section on the disease. First of all, I want to say that acne is not "dirty" skin. People with acne take a good care of their skin to avoid acne. Their daily struggle in front of the mirror is hard enough for the self-esteem and they do not need unwanted advice such as: "why don't you try these cosmetics". These are usually people with a huge arsenal of products on their nightstands. Almost everyone goes through some of the stages of acne during puberty. With this first article I will try to explain the mechanism by which this dermatosis affects the skin.

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Spots on the face a.k.a. melasma. Why women?

Петна по лицето a.k.a. мелазма. Защо жените?

Melasma is one of the most common skin problems and is characterized by the appearance of pigment spots on the face. It affects the most exposed areas of our skin in the sun, namely: forehead, nose, cheekbones, upper lip, chin. The ratio of affected women to men is 9: 1. It is still the subject of serious scientific debate which are the exact causes of these spots. One of them is is that melasma is inherited and that UV rays are the external factor provoking the formation of free radicals that increase melanogenesis (the formation of more pigment). If I need to specify into the analysis of why females are much more affected, I must note that half of the cases occur or worsen during pregnancy or taking birth control pills.

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What is dermoscopy and why does it save lives?

Какво е дерматоскопия и защо спасява живот?

Over the last decade, the dermatoscope has become a faithful companion of the dermatologist. In essence, dermoscopy is an opportunity to look into skin structures through a device called a dermatoscope. By magnification of the observed object, the pigmented and non-pigmented skin formations could be examined and diagnosed in detail. Thus, the annual preventive examination could detect skin cancer, which in early diagnosis is associated with higher survival rate.

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Which are the most common skin lesions?

Кои са най-често срещаните кожни образувания?

I will tell you about skin lesions called fibromas (skin tags), which affect about 46% of humanity. They are benign connective tissue formations that occur in both sexes with equal frequency. They can be flat almost at the level of the skin or larger in size. They are usually with the color of the surrounding skin, rarely can be more pigmented. Skin tags are soft and reach a size of about 2-5 mm. Fibromas are thought to be genetically determined and a person is much more likely to develop them if one of their parents has such lesions.

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